More than 1 billion small farmers around the world depend on livestock for their livelihoods; however, outbreaks of foot and mouth disease (FMD) inflict an estimated annual global loss of billions of dollars and pose a continuous risk of disease spread into free areas.

In order to decrease the impact of FMD worldwide, the FAO and OIE developed a Global FMD Control Strategy that was endorsed in 2012 by representatives from more than 100 countries and international and regional partners in Bangkok, Thailand. The aim of the Global FMD Control Strategy is to reduce the global burden of FMD and the risk of reintroduction of the disease into free areas. To do so, a global approach for the control of FMD is needed. Some countries may also be aiming at eradicating the disease and other countries that have already been recognised as free from FMD at maintaining their status.

The Global Strategy combines two tools. The Progressive Control Pathway for Foot-and-Mouth Disease (PCP-FMD) developed by FAO and EuFMD and further endorsed by the OIE, guides endemic countries through a series of incremental steps to better manage FMD risks. The OIE Performance of Veterinary Services Pathway (PVS), evaluates the national Veterinary Services of the country with the aim of bringing them into compliance with OIE quality standards. Reliable veterinary services ensure not only the quality and safety of livestock production but also sustainable food security and livelihoods and contribute to disease control and safe trade.

FMD Global Control Strategy is applied at national level while the progress is assessed at regional level using roadmap platforms, which permit the formulation of harmonized programs and exchange of information on virus circulation, vaccination and other control initiatives. Regional roadmaps are organised based on coordinated actions within the seven major virus Pools and a long-term shared control vision under the Global Framework for progressive control of Transboundary Animal Diseases (GF-TADs), by the GF-TADs FMD working group in collaboration with OIE and FAO regional Offices, regional economic communities, regional organizations as well as EuFMD.