Agreement

In developed countries, the trends of the livestock industry have been an increase in scales of operation, a reduction in the number of holdings and a substantial increase of the importance of livestock and livestock product markets, and higher frequency and speed of movement of animals and animal products. As a consequence, the introduction of infectious diseases to susceptible animals causes increasingly heavy losses in both developed and developing countries. With increasing globalization, the persistence of transboundary animal diseases anywhere in the world poses a serious risk to the world animal agriculture and food security and jeopardizes international trade. Furthermore, animal production and marketing under formal trade schemes tend to institutionalize and protect systems which are increasingly demanding in both quality and sanitary product innocuity. In recognition of these circumstances, the World Food Summit (WFS, 1996) stressed the pivotal, constraining role of transboundary animal diseases on food security, sustained animal agriculture and trade. In July 1996, seventeen Ministers of Agriculture or their representatives from the Americas had signed the Declaration of Brasilia which included: "Request FAO, OIE and PAHO to develop technical orientations towards the progress of FMD global eradication as well as the prevention of other important animal diseases in the world", and further asked FAO to draw the attention of the World Food Summit to the problem of transboundary animal diseases.

In the wake of the 2001 FMD epidemics in Europe, South America, Africa and Asia, the OIE International Committee, through Resolution XIII of its 69th General Session, in 2001, and Resolution No XXI of its 70th General Session, in 2002, called on both the OIE and FAO to pursue an international concerted effort against a certain number of diseases having significant effects on food security, poverty alleviation, food safety, public health and access to formal markets.

The agreement for the FAO-OIE joint initiative GF-TADs (Global Framework for the progressive control of Transboundary Animal Diseases), which combines the strenghs of both organisations to achieve agreed common objectives, has been signed on 24 May 2004, in relation with the general Agreement signed the same day between OIE and FAO.

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